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Chronic Kidney Disease





Kidney damage with normal to minimal decrease in GFR

90 ml/min or above


60 - 89 ml/min

Kidney damage with mild decrease in GFR


Moderate decrease of GFR

30 - 59 ml/min

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is defined as kidney damage or decrease kidney function for 3 months or more. If less than 3 month, this is considered acute kidney injury. Decrease kidney functions refers to a decrease glomerular filtration rate (GFR). GFR varies individually by age and gender, but a general decline of GFR is indicative of decrease kidney function. Click here to refer to the different stages of Chronic Kidney Disease. 


People living with Chronic Kidney Disease in the early stages may not feel any symptoms.  Symptoms with complications usually appear in the later stages. 

Not everyone with early stages of chronic kidney disease will progress to kidney failure, an early diagnosis and treatment plan can prevent further damage to your kidneys. Understanding your lab results is extremely important in the early stages of chronic kidney disease.

Tests to Diagnosis Chronic Kidney Disease Stages 1 - 3 

Your blood work results will show increased serum Creatinine. Creatinine is waste product in the blood that is removed by your kidneys. If your creatinine levels are higher than normal in your blood, it may be a sign of kidney damage because your kidneys are not working properly to filter out the creatinine. 

Your urinalysis (urine test) may show abnormalities such as protein or blood in the urine. Normally protein stays in your blood, if you are losing protein in your urine this may be a sign of kidney damage. 

Other tests may include imaging such as an ultrasound to see kidney structure and size, and/or renal (kidney) biospy. 

Treatment for Chronic Kidney Disease Stages 1 - 3
The treatment plan for CKD Stages 1 - 3 is to treat any underlying kidney condition, this includes understanding your labs, controlling your blood pressure, and controlling your diabetes. Other treatments may include a review of your medical history, medication intake, and lifestyle modifications. A dietary modification may be beneficial to preventing further damage to your kidneys. This modification may include a low protein diet, increase fluid intake, and  low sodium diet. Each dietary plan is individually specific to address your needs. Please remember to consult your healthcare provider for a comprehensive treatment plan for you before making any modifications or changes to your diet. 


Medications for Chronic Kidney Disease 


Vitamin D Preparations

Phosphate Binders 

Download Our Educational Material:

NONA Basic Nephrology Booklet

NONA Advanced Nephrology Booklet


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